1 Introduction

Asia and the Pacific SDG Progress assessment is based on the global indicator framework for the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development as adopted by the General Assembly on 6 July 2017. Subregional and regional indicator values were compiled from the ESCAP Statistical Online Database.1 When sufficient data on a defined SDG indicator are not available, the report uses additional indicators from internationally recognized sources. Information on country groupings and definitions of indicators are available on the ESCAP website.2

Median value of indicators at the regional and subregional levels are used instead of weighted aggregates to avoid bias towards bigger countries/economies.3

This section provides basic information on the methods used for SDG progress assessment. More detailed discussions are provided in three working papers: Measuring Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs): An Inclusive Approach;4 Tracking progress towards the SDGs: measuring the otherwise ambiguous progress;5 and A weighted extrapolation method for measuring SDG progress.6


  1. See http://data.unescap.org/escap_stat/.

  2. See https://data.unescap.org/stories/escap-database.

  3. Bidarbakht-Nia, A. (2018). “Regional aggregates: Masking change in regional disparities?”, ESCAP, Working Paper Series. Available from https://www.unescap.org/resources/working-paper-series-sdwp06march-2018-regional-aggregates-masking-regional-disparities.

  4. Bidarbakht-Nia, A. (2020). “Measuring Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs): An Inclusive Approach”, Global Policy, Vol 11, Issue 1, Feb 2020, PP 56-67. Available from https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/1758-5899.12774.

  5. Bidarbakht-Nia, A. (2017). “Tracking progress towards the SDGs: measuring the otherwise ambiguous progress”, ESCAP Working Paper Series. Available from https://www.unescap.org/resources/working-paper-series-sdwp05may-2017-tracking-progress-towards-sdgs-measuring-otherwise.

  6. Bidarbakht-Nia, A. (2017). “A weighted extrapolation method for measuring the SDGs progress”, ESCAP Working Paper Series. Available from http://www.unescap.org/resources/working-paper-series-sdwp04march-2017-weighted-extrapolation-method-measuring-sdgs.